'''Jean-Jacques Rousseau''' (;
; 28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Francophone
Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy
influenced the Age of Enlightenment|Enlightenment
in France and across Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution
and the overall development of modern political and educational thought.
Rousseau's novel ''Emile, or On Education
'' is a treatise on the education of the whole person for citizenship. His sentimental novel
''Julie, or the New Heloise
'' was of importance to the development of pre-romanticism
[ for some interesting examples of contemporary reactions to this novel.]
Rousseau's autobiographical writings—his ''Confessions (Rousseau)|Confessions
'', which initiated the modern autobiography, and his ''Reveries of a Solitary Walker
''—exemplified the late 18th-century...